11 Jan 2010 @ 2:07 PM 

Postari relationate:


Aplicatii utile:

consola: konsole (pt KDE-Kubuntu) sau terminal (pt Gnome-Ubuntu) sudo apt-get install terminator (o consola ‘evoluata’ – [l]userii stiu de ce!)

vim (text editor), wicd (network manager – interactiv install), mc (file manager [text-mode]) or krusader sau gnome-commander (file-managers [graphic mode]), sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-fonts sun-java6-jdk (java – for netbeans++ – interactiv install), sshfs (mounts ssh locations as folders), cvs, hg (version control system), htop (process viewer), ailurus (ubuntu apps tweaker), synaptic (apps manager - graphical interface)

  • sudo apt-get install vim mc terminator sshfs htop ailurus hg rar unrar arj p7xip-full xarchiver pidgin thunderbird tomboy xvnc4viewer wine filezilla ffmpeg mencoder alien
  • sudo apt-get install wicd sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-fonts sun-java6-jdk


Marirea nr de repository-uri :

# pentru instalare icecat: sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnuzilla-team/ppa

# pentru instalare firefox beta: sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-mozilla-daily/ppa

# pt instalare ailurus: sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ailurus/ppa sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list

# se de-comenteaza urmatoarele linii (stergeti caracterul “#” din fata lor):

  • deb http://ro.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
  • deb-src http://ro.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-backports main restricted universe multiverse

# si

  • deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu lucid partner
  • deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu lucid partner

# si se adauga la sfarsit:

  • deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/chromium-daily/ppa/ubuntu lucid main sau deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/chromium-daily/dev/ubuntu lucid main
  • deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/chromium-daily/ppa/ubuntu lucid main sau deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/chromium-daily/dev/ubuntu lucid main (pentru instalarea chromium-ului, dar inainte de asta, se executa:

sudo apt-key adv –keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com –recv-keys 4E5E17B5 – referinte aici si atentie la transformarea perechii — [doua caractere "-"] intr-un singur caracter la copy-paste – inlocuiti-le manual in linia de comanda)

# apoi se face refresh la baza de date cu aplicatii: sudo apt-get update (si, in synaptic, daca e instalat, click pe butonul “refresh”, la urmatoarea pornire)


Portaluri pentru aplicatii Linux

http://www.getdeb.net/updates/Ubuntu/10.04/ (adaugare pachet getdeb si instalare: wget http://archive.getdeb.net/install_deb/getdeb-repository_0.1-1~getdeb1_all.deb) http://appnr.com/ http://www.allmyapps.com/ubuntu-9.10/


Fonts:

  • sudo apt-get install msttcorefonts (sau descarca fonturile: msfonts)
  • wget http://launchpadlibrarian.net/16679172/Wingdings.rtf mv Windings.rtf /usr/share/fonts/truetype/msttcorefonts/Windings.ttf
  • sudo fc-cache -fv

#install Tahoma font script:

  • wget http://download.microsoft.com/download/ie6sp1/finrel/6_sp1/W98NT42KMeXP/EN-US/IELPKTH.CAB
  • cabextract -F ‘tahoma*ttf’ IELPKTH.CAB
  • mkdir -p /usr/share/fonts/truetype/msttcorefonts/
  • mv -f tahoma*ttf /usr/share/fonts/truetype/msttcorefonts/
  • chmod 644 /usr/share/fonts/truetype/msttcorefonts/tahoma*
  • fc-cache -v rm -f IELPKTH.CAB
  • echo “Installed Tahoma”

In plus, instalarea altor fonturi:

Programming fonts:

  • ttf-bitstream-vera

Vista fonts:

Google fonts:


Alte aplicatii:

sudo apt-get install rar unrar arj p7zip-full (archiving back-end)

sudo apt-get install xarchiver (archiving frontend – graphical interface)

sudo apt-get install meld (files diff state-of-the-art)

sudo apt-get install hg  git (versioning systems)

sudo apt-get install thunderbird (mail client)

sudo apt-get install pidgin (yahoo&Gtalk++ messenger; vezi si Google Talk for my domain ) finch (text-based messenger) sudo apt-get install tomboy (notes-taker) glipper klipper parcellite (clipboard memo) sudo apt-get install filelight (instaleaza si toate librariile necesare din KDE – atentie daca sunteti pe Gnome!!!) gdmap (disk space viewers) sudo apt-get install wine (windows emulator) sudo apt-get install filezilla (FTP client) sudo apt-get install xvnc4viewer (VNC clients) sudo apt-get install jdownloader (java-based tool that completely automates the downloading process – dupa adaugarea in prealabil a repository-ului: sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jd-team/jdownloader si sudo apt-get update) sudo aptitude install foremost (recuperare fisiere sterse; download foremost) sudo aptitude install scalpel (recuperare fisiere sterse, creat dupa foremost; download scalpel, documentatie), sudo aptitude install alien (conversie .rpm to .deb)

webilder (webshots client)
homebank (finance management)
rubyripper (CD ripping)
freemind (mindmaps)
gimp bookmarkbridge kchmviewer hrd pdftk bmundertaker shutter ksnapshot svgpage
alarm-clock  wakeup (alarms apps)

sudo apt-get install ffmpeg sudo apt-get install mencoder (video encodere – necesare pt conversie flv->avi in Video Download Helper) http://code.google.com/p/googlecl/ – Google services to the command line http://code.google.com/p/gpick/ – color picker tool


Apps:

Programming ++:

Netbeans: http://netbeans.org/downloads/ (instalare in ~/netbeans-6.9beta ) ZendStudio 7.2: descarca Zend Studio 7.2 (instalare in /usr/local/Zend/ZendStudio-7.2.0/) Eclipse PDT 2.2: download Eclipse PDT (cu extensiile WebDav/FTP / SFTP, apoi in meniu: Window->Show View->Site explorer) – pt sistemele pe 64 bits, se recomanda marirea setarilor default, astfel:

-Xms512m
-Xmx1024m
-XX:PermSize=64m
-XX:MaxPermSize=128m

VirtualBox: http://www.virtualbox.de/wiki/Linux_Downloads; (instalare VirtualBox 3.2 aici) VMware: https://www.vmware.com/tryvmware/

  • descarcare in Desktop, apoi: sudo ./Desktop/VMware-Player-3.0.0-203739.i386.bundle pentru instalare
  • pentru dezinstalarea produselor vmware, folositi comenzile: vmware-installer -l [pt listarea celor instalate pe computer] si apoi: sudo vmware-installer -u PRODUCT [unde PRODUCT este unul dintre: vmware-workstation, vmware-player, sau vmware-vix, pt dezinstalarea efectiva]

Wakoopa: http://wakoopa.com/account/download

Browsers:

setting up kamp (kubuntu, apache, mysql, php)

  • sudo apt-get install apache2 mysql-client mysql-server php5 php5-gd php5-mysql (in mod interactiv, alegeti o parola pentru userul mysql root atunci cand vi se cere)
  • sudo vim /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default (Change AllowOverride None to AllowOverride All in the <Directory /var/www/> section )
  • sudo a2enmod rewrite
  • sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
  • cd /var/
  • sudo chown <username> www/
  • cd /var/www
  • cvs -z6 -d:pserver:anonymous:anonymous@cvs.drupal.org:/cvs/drupal checkout drupal
  • verificati la adresa http://127.0.0.1/

Altele:

Dropbox: website, install ubuntu/kubuntu

Media:

Playere: Amarok versus Songbird, VLC, Kplayer, Kmplayer, mplayer, sudo apt-get install audacious audacious-plugins Screensavers & Desktop Enhancements: IoGraph – turns mouse movements into a modern art (via OMGUbuntu.co.uk) Create Background Slideshow (or CreBS for short) (via OMGUbuntu.co.uk) Radio-Tray (SourceForge)

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:crebs/ppa && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install crebs

Realtime Sunlight Wallpaper – A simple but useful application which retrieve an image from the internet and set it as a wallpaper every 30 minutes. Covergloobus – File preview app:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gloobus-dev/covergloobus
sudo apt-get update &&  sudo apt-get install covergloobus python-rsv
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gloobus-dev/gloobus-preview
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:am-monkeyd/nautilus-elementary-ppa
sudo apt-get update &&  sudo apt-get install gloobus-preview && sudo apt-get upgrade

Plugin-uri:

  • Flash (pentru instalare normala: Adobe Flash Player
    • pentru instalare in Songbird, se copiaza libflashplayer.so din /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins in /usr/share/Songbird/plugins). Off-topic: pentru instalarea flash player-ului in Songbird sub Windows, se deschide acest link in Songbird si se instaleaza ca orice extensie Mozilla.
    • pentru instalare in Flock Browser: sudo ln -s /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/* /usr/share/flock/plugins (/opt/flock/plugins)
    • pt Chrome: doumentatie aici (preluat de aici), aici, aici, aici, aici, aici, aici, aici sau aici.
  • Flash x86-64: variante:
    • http://www.myscienceisbetter.info/install-adobe-flash-player-10-on-ubuntu-64bit.html
    • dupa instalarea ailurus, selectarea instalarii automate a plugin-ului flash
    • scriptul Get64bitFlash-0.2.3.tar.gz (dezarhivat si executat: sudo bash flash10_en.sh), dar si munca manuala: drepturi pt userul curent asupra directoarelor (create manual, daca nu existau deja) /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins si /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins,(sudo chmod 777 -R /usr/lib/mozilla | sudo chmod 777 -R /usr/lib/firefox | sudo chown teo:teo -R /usr/lib/firefox | sudo chown teo:teo -R /usr/lib/mozilla), download si instalare manuala la getlibs-all.deb (varianta oficiala, din script, da eroare 404), aprobare instalare pachete libcurl3, libnss3-1d, libnspr4-0d, dezarhivare manuala a pachetului install_flash_player_10_linux.tar.gz. si copierea fisierului libflashplayer.so din interior in directorul curent (in care se executa scriptul – in general, /home/_user_/); in final, situatia este urmatoarea:
      • teo@teo:/usr/lib$ sudo ls -l /usr/lib/firefox/plugins/
        • lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 37 2010-05-14 18:42 flashplugin-alternative.so -> /etc/alternatives/firefox-flashplugin
        • lrwxrwxrwx 1 teo teo 60 2010-05-14 18:35 npwrapper.libflashplayer.so -> /usr/lib/nspluginwrapper/plugins/npwrapper.libflashplayer.so
      • teo@teo:/usr/lib$ sudo ls -l /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins
        • lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 37 2010-05-14 18:42 flashplugin-alternative.so -> /etc/alternatives/mozilla-flashplugin
        • -rwxrwxrwx 1 teo teo 10248400 2010-05-14 18:35 libflashplayer.so
        • lrwxrwxrwx 1 teo teo 60 2010-05-14 18:35 npwrapper.libflashplayer.so -> /usr/lib/nspluginwrapper/plugins/npwrapper.libflashplayer.so
  • Moonlight 3 (alternativa la Silverlight pentru Linux)
  • Sopcast player

Printing:

  • printer virtual (PDF): (exemplu aici)
    • sudo apt-get install cups-pdf
    • sudo vim /etc/cups/cups-pdf.conf [edit ]
    • /etc/init.d/cups restart sau restart cups sau service cups restart

Backup/Restaurare:

http://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/how-to-backup-mysql-databases-web-server-files-to-a-ftp-server-automatically.html http://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/linux-get-list-installed-software-reinstallation-restore.html

Task: Backup list of installed software

Debian Linux
If you are using Debian Linux use dpkg command to list installed software:
$ dpkg --get-selections

Store list of installed software to a file called /backup/installed-software.log
$ dpkg --get-selections > /backup/installed-software.log

RPM based distributions (RHEL, Fedora Core, Cent OS, Suse Linux etc)
Use rpm command to get list of all installed software:
$ rpm -qaOR
$ rpm -qa > /backup/installed-software.log

Task: Restore installed software from backup list

Now you have a list of installed software. After installing base system you can immediately install all software.

Debian Linux
Debian Linux makes your life easy. All you have to do is type following two commands:
# dpkg --set-selections < /backup/installed-software.log
Now your list is imported use dselect or other tools to install the package.
# dselect

Select ‘i‘ for install the software.

http://www.arsgeek.com/2006/09/19/ubuntu-tricks-how-to-generate-a-list-of-installed-packages-and-use-it-to-reinstall-packages/

sudo apt-get install wicd sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-fonts sun-java6-jdk

sudo apt-get install terminator mc kget vim htop ailurus synaptic sshfs msttcorefonts rar unrar arj xarchiver meld pidgin tomboy filelight wine filezilla xvnc4viewer foremost ffmpeg mencoder mplayer chromium-browser audacious audacious-plugins midori vuze webilder gimp kmplayer vlc icecat shutter ubuntu-tweak mousetweaks qmmp w64codecs libdvdcss2 flashplugin-nonfree

getdeb.net: urd (usenet rsource downloader), smart home 3d, iFreeBudget, Bookmark Undertaker, Flock

Logs & Backups locations:

  • pidgin: ~/.purple/logs
  • kopete: ~/.kde/share/apps/kopete/logs
  • tomboy: ~/.local/share/tomboy ( not in ~/.tomboy - that was in older versions of ubuntu/tomboy)
  • Google Chrome: Make a copy of the User Data\Default directory (for example, copy it to ‘Default Backup’ in the same location). The location depends on your operating system:
  • Windows XP: \Documents and Settings\username\Local Settings\Application Data\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default
  • Windows Vista or 7: \Users\username\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default
  • Mac OS X: ~/Library/Application Support/Google/Chrome/Default
  • Linux: ~/.config/google-chrome/Default

Alternative:

Ymlf OS – Based on Ubuntu 9.10. From the Chinese pirate masters of the non-sea-faring variety comes …Ylmf OS Not happy with pirating Windows XP itself, these creative Chinese have gone one step further and hacked Ubuntu to look exactly like Windows XP.

DAILY UBUNTU / LINUX NEWS AND APPLICATION REVIEWS:

http://www.webupd8.org/

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Posted By: Teodor Muraru
Last Edit: 14 Feb 2012 @ 06:24 PM

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